In Erlangen, there is a Department of Anatomy of the University since its foundation in 1743. It was at that time in a now defunct building in Nürnberger Strasse, then housed in the Orangerie in the castle garden and later at Universitätsstrasse 17, now the Institute of Physiology and Pathophysiology. In 1897 was the move to the stately new building in the Krankenhausstrasse 9, which is still existing in its generous architecture and structure.
About 80 years later, the buildung was thoroughly renovated and adapted in space conception and facilities to modern requirements by Prof. J. W. Rohen. Mid-80s, a second department of the Institute of Anatomy was established to meet the organizational needs of increasing numbers of students.
In 1992 was the expansion of the Institute of Anatomy to the buildung of the former Institute of Zoology in the Universitätsstrasse 19. This expansion made the spatial separation of the two chairs possible, Chair I (Prof. W. Neuhuber) was placed in the old house in Krankenhausstrasse 9, Chair II (until April 2010 Prof. E. Lütjen-Drecoll, after Prof. F. Paulsen) in the new house Universitätsstrasse 19. Lecture halls and students rooms, laboratory facilities and major equipment are shared.